Planting    


- 2015 winter project: Develop an inexpensive way to vary my plant populations. I modified my planter monitor to plant by a prescription created by Ag Leader(TM) SMS software . As of March 1st, 2015, my progress is here.

If youíre a farmer you probably know about some of the recent precision farming improvements to our planters. Farmers are looking at such things as seed placement, singulation, skips, doubles, down pressure, smooth ride, movable trash whips, row shut-offs, variable rate planting, dual variety planting, planting prescriptions, auto-steer, auto-swath. If youíre not a farmer, these will mean little to you. I thought you might like to see what can be developed using open source products.



In 2012, I wanted to test my corn planter units to see that they are working properly without paying $30 per row just to have them looked at. Two years before I spent over $800 to have my precision units tested and repairs made. SoÖa trip to Colfax (Iowa) to the local farm implement salvage yard yielded the guts of one row off a John Deere 7000 planter. A couple of days later, legs were added to make it a stand alone test stand. With a trip to the cousins to torch off stuff I didnít need and weld on a bracket for a motor, the thing got motorized. A 107.5 RPM gear motor from www.surpluscenter.com and a new sprocket from John Deere simulates driving the planter at 5 mph. A good spreadsheet and a bunch of math figured out the seeds per second. The test stand senses seed from the meter with a conventional high speed seed sensor (electric eye). I've now found that the old style red LED sensors will work as well. The seed sensor is connected to an Arduino (www.Arduino.com) board which acts as a digital-to-serial interface. This is connected to a PC via a standard USB port. With programming for the Arduino and the PC you get a test stand that can test for skips, multiple seeds dropped at the same time, singulation, and even problems from individual finger pickups. With seed population displayed itís giving the similar information as the expensive stands that implement dealers and precision ag companies have produced.



After I got the test stand working and tested my meters and a few others, I definitely wanted to see if I could modify the program to monitor all eight rows of my planter and run the monitor in the cab while I was planting. That turned out to be more difficult than I thought and I did not get the electronic interface to work by the time I started planting on April 11th. I did get it all together by the 22nd when I planted the remainder of my corn. It definitely helped as I could adjust the brushes on my meters to work best with different size and shape seed. It also showed me problems with two rows that I was able to resolve. The video is quite shakey at first. It was difficult holding my cell phone still while the tractor was bouncing. The display at the bottom is the tractor and planter with seed coming out behind the planter. Yellow squares indicate a skip. Blue squares a double. So you can see my planter has room for improvement.



By Spring of 2014 I switched to an Android tablet mounted in the cab of my tractor with a RAM mount. I had multiple planter problems that plagued me the first three days of corn planting. Even after spring meter testing and planter upgrades, a row sensor failed the first day of planting. The first new row sensor didn't work which lead to further frustrations trying to figure out what was wrong. My planter monitor showed all sorts of skips even though I didn't see them digging in the soil behind the planter. It was extremely dusty. Driving west, I had to stop at the end of the field to let the dust blow by me before I could turn. I was using auto steer to drive straight as I could not see the marker half the time.